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Matter & Interactions
Found in: Page 170

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Short Answer

Here are two examples of floating objects: (a) A block of wood 20 cm long by 10 cm wide by 6 cm high has a density of 0.7 g/cm3 and floats in water (whose density is 1.0 g/cm3). How far below the surface of water is the bottom of the block. Explain your reasoning?

The bottom of the block is 4.2 cm below the surface of water.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: Identification of the given data

The given data is listed below as-

  • The dimensions of the wooden block are, 20cm×10cm×6cm
  • The density of the wood is, ρwood=0.7gcm3
  • The density of water is, ρwater=1gcm3

Step 2: Significance of the displacement of water

The displacement of water occurs when a wooden block floats on water. The mass of the water is equal to the displacement of water.

The concept of the displacement of water gives the depth of block.

Step 3: Determination of the depth of block

The equation of mass of the block is given by displacement of the water

The density is given by-

ρ=massVolumemass =ρ×Volume

Now, mass of water= mass of wood

mwater=mwood =ρwood.Vwood

For ρwood=0.7gcm3and

Vwood=0.20×0.10×0.06 =0.0012m3mwood=0.7×103kgm3×0.0012m3 =0.84 kg

Now, find the volume of water by density of water

role="math" localid="1658901709608" Vwater=mwaterρwater =0.84 kg1×103kgm3 =0.84×10-3m3

The displaced water takes the shape of the cube same as the shape of a block with an area,


The height is the depth of the block which is given by:

h=VwaterA =0.84×10-30.20×0.10 m =0.042 m =4.2 cm

Thus, the block is 4.2 cm below the surface of water .

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