 Suggested languages for you:

Europe

Answers without the blur. Sign up and see all textbooks for free! 62P

Expert-verified Found in: Page 714 ### Fundamentals Of Physics

Book edition 10th Edition
Author(s) David Halliday
Pages 1328 pages
ISBN 9781118230718 # Sphere 1 with radius has positive charge . Sphere 2 with radius is far from sphere 1 and initially uncharged. After the separated spheres are connected with a wire thin enough to retain only negligible charge, (a) is potential of sphere 1 greater than, less than, or equal to potential of sphere 2? What fraction of ends up on (b) sphere 1 and (c) sphere 2? (d) What is the ratio of the surface charge densities of the spheres?

1. The potential of sphere 1 and 2 is .
2. The charge on the sphere 1 in the fraction of is .
3. The charge on the sphere 2 in the fraction of is .
4. The ratio of the surface charge densities of the spheres is .
See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Given data:

The radius of sphere 1 s .

The radius of sphere 2 is .

## Step 2: Understanding the concept:

The electric potential due to the point charge is,

Here, is the coulomb’s constant, is the charge, and is the distance from the charge.

The potential of sphere 1 is,

….. (1)

Here, is the charge on sphere 1.

The potential of sphere 2 is,

….. (2)

Here, is the charge on sphere 2.

The total electric charge is,

….. (3)

## Step 3: (a) Find out if potential V1 of sphere 1 greater than, less than, or equal to potential V2 of sphere 2:

The charges must be the same for both spheres when both spheres are connected by a thin wire. The electric potential is directly proportional to the charge. Hence, the electric potential on both spheres must be the same.

V1=V2

Here, V1 is the electric potential on sphere 1 and V2 is the electric potential on sphere 2. Hence, the electric potential of sphere 1 is equal to the electric potential on sphere 2.

## Step 4: (b) Calculate what fraction of q ends up on sphere 1:

The relation between the radius of the sphere 1 and sphere 2 is,

The relation between the potential of the sphere 1 and sphere 2 is,

….. (4)

Substitute for in the equation (3) and solve for .

Therefore, the charge on the sphere 1 in the fraction of is .

## Step 5: (c) Calculate what fraction of q ends up on sphere 2:

Substitute for in the equation (4) and solve for .

Hence, the charge on the sphere 2 in the fraction of is .

## Step 6: (d) Calculate the ratio   of the surface charge densities of the spheres:

The surface charge density of sphere 1 is,

The surface charge density of sphere 2 is,

Take the ratio of the surface charge densities of sphere 1 and 2.

Substitute for and for in the above equation.

Hence, the ratio of the surface charge densities of the spheres is . ### Want to see more solutions like these? 