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Q22.

Expert-verified
Found in: Page 432

Geometry

Book edition Student Edition
Author(s) Ray C. Jurgensen, Richard G. Brown, John W. Jurgensen
Pages 227 pages
ISBN 9780395977279

Use a calculator or the trigonometry table on page311 to find the area of each figure to the nearest tenth.

The area of given figure is approximately $34.3$ square unit.

See the step by step solution

Step 1. Given information.

Hypotenuse=10 and $\theta ={54}^{\circ }$

Step 2. Concept Used.

Trigonometric Ratios are defined as the values of all the trigonometric functions based on the value of the ratio of sides in a right-angled triangle.

Use trigonometric Ratios

$\begin{array}{l}\mathrm{cos}\theta =\frac{Adjacent}{Hypotenuse}\\ \mathrm{cos}{54}^{\circ }=\frac{\text{BC}}{AC}\\ \mathrm{cos}{54}^{\circ }=\frac{\text{BC}}{12}\\ BC=7.0536\end{array}$

Base $=7.0536$

Step 3. Find the Height of triangle.

$\begin{array}{l}\mathrm{tan}{54}^{\circ }=\frac{\text{AB}}{BC}\\ \mathrm{tan}{54}^{\circ }=\frac{\text{AB}}{7.0536}\\ AB=7.0536×1.3764\\ AB=9.708\end{array}$

Height $=9.708$

Step 4. Find the area of triangle.

Area of triangle can be found using the formula

$\begin{array}{c}A=\frac{1}{2}bh\\ =\frac{1}{2}\left(7.053\right)\left(9.708\right)\\ =34.335\\ \approx 34.3\end{array}$

Therefore, the area of given figure is $34.2$Square unit.