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Q21.

Expert-verifiedFound in: Page 157

Book edition
Middle English Edition

Author(s)
Carter

Pages
804 pages

ISBN
9780079039903

**Solve each equation.**

$\left[\begin{array}{c}2x+y\\ x-3y\end{array}\right]\mathbf{=}\left[\begin{array}{c}5\\ 13\end{array}\right]$

The solution is $\left(\mathbf{4}\mathbf{,}\mathbf{-}\mathbf{3}\right)$.

As the matrices are equal, the corresponding elements are equal. Write the two linear equations to show this equality.

$\begin{array}{c}2x+y=5\\ x-3y=13\end{array}$

Multiply $x-3y=13$ by 2 and subtract $2x+y=5$ from the obtained equation.

$\begin{array}{c}2x-6y-\left(2x+y\right)=26-5\\ 2x-6y-2x-y=21\\ -7y=21\end{array}$

Divide each side of $-7y=21$ by $-7$ to find the value of $y$.

$\begin{array}{c}\frac{-7y}{-7}=\frac{21}{-7}\\ y=-3\end{array}$

Substitute $-3$ for $y$ into $x-3y=13$ and simplify to find the value of $x$.

$\begin{array}{c}x-3\left(-3\right)=13\\ x+9=13\end{array}$

Subtract 9 from both the sides of $x+9=13$ and simplify.

$\begin{array}{c}x+9-9=13-9\\ x=4\end{array}$

Therefore, the solution is $\left(4,-3\right)$.

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