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Q9. SGR

Expert-verified
Found in: Page 794

Algebra 1

Book edition Student Edition
Author(s) Carter, Cuevas, Day, Holiday, Luchin
Pages 801 pages
ISBN 9780078884801

Which measure of central tendency best represents the data? Justify your answer. Then find the measure. Sophia keeps track of the ages of students in her class. She wants to best represent the ages of her classmates: 13, 14, 13, 13, 14, 13, 13, 15, 14, 13, 14, 14, 10.

The best measure of central tendency to represent the data is median of the data and the value of median is 13.

See the step by step solution

Step 1. Define the measure of central tendency.

A measure of central tendency is a summary statistic that represents the center point or typical value of a datasheet.

The 3 most common measures of central tendency are the mean, median and mode.

Step 2. Define median.

The median is the middle number in a sorted, ascending or descending, list of numbers.

Median $={\left(\frac{n+1}{2}\right)}^{\text{th}}$ term, if the number of values in data sheet $\left(n\right)$ is odd.

Median $=\frac{{\left(\frac{n}{2}\right)}^{\text{th}}\text{term}+{\left(\frac{n}{2}+1\right)}^{\text{th}}\text{term}}{2}$, if the number of values in data sheet $\left(n\right)$ is even.

Step 3. Calculate the measure of central tendency that best represents the given data.

The ages of the classmates are: 13, 14, 13, 13, 14, 13, 13, 15, 14, 13, 14, 14, 10

List the data in ascending order.

10, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 14, 14, 14, 14, 14, 15

Observe the data.

There is one value 15 that is greater than the other values and also there is not a big gap in the middle of the data.

So, median would best represent the data.

The number of data values $\left(n\right)=13$ (odd)

Hence,

Median $={\left(\frac{n}{2}+1\right)}^{\text{th}}$ term

Substitute $n=13$.

Median $={\left(\frac{13+1}{2}\right)}^{\text{th}}$ term

Median $={\left(\frac{14}{2}\right)}^{\text{th}}$ term

Median $={\left(7\right)}^{\text{th}}$ term

Median $=13$

Therefore, the best measure of central tendency to represent the data is median of the data and the value of median is 13.