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Q4.

Expert-verified
Found in: Page 10

Algebra 1

Book edition Student Edition
Author(s) Carter, Cuevas, Day, Holiday, Luchin
Pages 801 pages
ISBN 9780078884801

Name the set or sets of numbers to which each real number belongs.$\frac{56}{7}$

The real number $\frac{56}{7}$ belongs to the sets of natural numbers, whole numbers, integers, and real rational numbers.

See the step by step solution

Step-1. Apply the concept of the real number system

Real numbers include all the numbers except complex numbers and have the following five subsets:

1. Natural numbers: Includes counting objects and starting from 1.
2. Whole numbers: Includes the set of natural numbers along with 0.
3. Integers: Z = Includes numbers that are not fraction (positive and negative whole numbers)
4. Rational numbers: Includes the numbers which can be written in the form of $\frac{p}{q}$ where p and q are integers, $q\ne 0$.
5. Irrational numbers: Includes numbers that cannot be written in the form of $\frac{p}{q}$ where p and q are integers, $q\ne 0$.

Step-2. Examples of the real number system.

1. Natural numbers: $\left\{1,2,3,4,...\right\}$

2. Whole numbers: $\left\{0,1,2,3,4,...\right\}$

3. Integers: Measurement of debts, temperatures, etc., fall under the set of integers $\left\{...,-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,...\right\}$

4. Rational numbers: If we cut a cake into equal pieces, then we may have a piece that represents a fraction like $\frac{5}{6},1.5\left(=\frac{3}{2}\right),\frac{6}{9},\frac{8}{3}$

5. Irrational numbers: The numbers that are square roots of positive rational numbers, cube roots of rational numbers, etc., such as $\sqrt{2},\sqrt[3]{5},-\sqrt{3}$

Step-3. Analyze the given real number.

Consider the given real number $\frac{56}{7}$

We can rewrite it as:

$\frac{56}{7}=\frac{8×7}{7}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=8\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\frac{8}{1}$

Now we will check each subset of real numbers:

1. Natural numbers: They are positive, countable, and start from 1. So, $\frac{56}{7}=8$ being positive, countable, and greater than 1 is a natural number.
2. Whole numbers: They are natural numbers including 0. So, $\frac{56}{7}=8$ being a natural number is a whole number as well.
3. Integers: They are whole numbers that are both positive and negative. So, $\frac{56}{7}=8$ being a whole number is an integer as well.
4. Rational numbers: They can be written in the form $\frac{p}{q}$ where p and q are integers, $q\ne 0$. Since, $\frac{56}{7}=\frac{8}{1}$ it is a rational number.
5. Irrational numbers: They cannot be written in the form $\frac{p}{q}$ where p and q are integers, $q\ne 0$. Since from the above point, $\frac{56}{7}$ can be written in the form $\frac{p}{q}$, it is not an irrational number.

Therefore, the real number $\frac{56}{7}$ belongs to the sets natural numbers, whole numbers, integers and real rational numbers.